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In situ polymerization and photophysical properties of poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes composites

Authors

  • Chengjun Zhou,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Specially Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
    2. School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803
    • Key Laboratory for Specially Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Xueying Qiu,

    1. Key Laboratory for Specially Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Qixin Zhuang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Specially Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
    • Key Laboratory for Specially Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Zhewen Han,

    1. Key Laboratory for Specially Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Qinglin Wu

    1. School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803
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Abstract

Poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (PBO-MWCNT) composites with different MWCNT compositions were prepared through in situ polymerization of PBO in the presence of carboxylated MWCNTs. The nanocomposite's structure, thermal and photophysical properties were investigated and compared with their blend counterparts (PBO/MWCNT) using Fourier transform infrared spectra, Raman spectra, Wide-angle X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, UV-vis absorption, and photoluminescence. The results showed that MWCNTs had a strong interaction with PBO through covalent bonding. The incorporation of MWCNTs increased the distance between two neighboring PBO chains and also improved the thermal resistance of PBO. The investigation of UV-vis absorption and fluorescence emission spectra exhibited that in situ PBO-MWCNT composites had a stronger absorbance and obvious trend of red-shift compared with blend PBO/MWCNT composites for all compositions. This behavior can be attributed to the efficient energy transfer through forming conjugated bonding interactions in the PBO-MWCNT composites. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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