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Evaluation of thermal and mechanical properties of rubber compositions based on SBR extended with safe oils

Authors

  • Marcia C. Delpech,

    Corresponding author
    1. Instituto de Química da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (IQ/UERJ), PHLC, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Maracanã, CEP: 21954-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    • Instituto de Química da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (IQ/UERJ), PHLC, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Maracanã, CEP: 21954-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
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  • Ivana L. Mello,

    1. Instituto de Química da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (IQ/UERJ), PHLC, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Maracanã, CEP: 21954-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
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  • Fernanda C. S. Delgado,

    1. Lanxess Elastômeros do Brasil S.A, Rua Marumbi 600, Duque de Caxias, CEP: 25221-000, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
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  • Jurandir M. Sousa

    1. Lanxess Elastômeros do Brasil S.A, Rua Marumbi 600, Duque de Caxias, CEP: 25221-000, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
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  • The authors dedicate this work to Prof. Fernanda M.B. Coutinho, in memoriam.

Abstract

The extender oil usually employed in compositions of rubbers based on styrene and butadiene (SBR) 1712 is the distilled aromatic extract (DAE). In this work, this oil was substituted by oils with low levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): treated residual aromatic extract (TRAE) and two naphthenic oils from different suppliers (HN1 and HN2). This substitution was performed in response to REACH Regulation (EC No. 1907/2006 European Parliament and the Council of December 18, 2006, Annex XVII), which state that the sum of individual PAHs should be below 10 mg/kg and the levels of benzo (a) pyrene (BaP) should not exceed 1 mg/kg. Infrared spectroscopy was employed to characterize the structure of crude oils and respective SBR compositions. Thermal properties of the materials were evaluated by thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry. Mechanical properties as tension tests, hardness, abrasion resistance, and resilience were also determined. The final results showed that it is possible to replace the extender oil DAE for any of the oils tested, specially the naphthenic HN1, without any loss of the properties evaluated in this study for the SBR compositions. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

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