Investigation on particular morphology of immiscible polyamide 12/polystyrene blends

Authors

  • Bozhen Wu,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastic, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
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  • Chenguang Yao,

    1. Shanghai Genius Advanced Materials Co., Ltd, Shanghai 201109, China
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  • Tingxiu Xie,

    1. Shanghai Genius Advanced Materials Co., Ltd, Shanghai 201109, China
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  • Guisheng Yang

    Corresponding author
    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastic, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    2. Shanghai Genius Advanced Materials Co., Ltd, Shanghai 201109, China
    • Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastic, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
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Abstract

In this article, a particular phase morphology of immiscible polyamide 12/polystyrene (PA12/PS) blends prepared via in situ anionic ring-opening polymerization of Laurolactam (LL) in the presence of PS was investigated. SEM and FTIR were used to analyze the morphology of the blends. The results showed that PS is dispersed as small droplets in the continuous matrix of PA12 when PS content is less than 5 wt %. When the PS content is higher than 10 wt %, two particular phase morphologies appeared. First, dispersed PS-rich particles with the spherical inclusions of PA12 can be found when PS content is between 10 wt % and 15 wt %. Then, the phase inversion (the phase morphology of the PA12/PS blends changes from the PS dispersed/PA12 matrix to PA12 dispersed/PS matrix system) occurred when PS content is higher than 20 wt %, which is completely different from traditional polymer blends prepared by melt blending. The possible reason for the particular morphology development was illuminated through phase inversion mechanism. Furthermore, the stability of the phase morphologies of the PA12/PS blends was also investigated. SEM showed that the particular morphology is instability, and it will be changed upon annealing at 230°C for 30 min. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

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