Lead magnesium niobate-filled silicone dielectric elastomer with large actuated strain

Authors

  • Dan Yang,

    1. Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Liqun Zhang,

    1. Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. State Key Laboratory for Organic-Inorganic Composites, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Haoliang Liu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Yingchao Dong,

    1. Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Yingchun Yu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Ming Tian

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. State Key Laboratory for Organic-Inorganic Composites, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    • Key Laboratory of Beijing City for Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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Abstract

A silicone dielectric elastomer filled with lead magnesium niobate with a maximum actuated strain of 7.4% at 45 kV/mm was fabricated by optimizing the amount of dielectric filler, amount of plasticizing agent, and crosslink density of the elastomer. The actuated strain of dielectric elastomers (DEs) is determined by both the dielectric constant and the elastic modulus. Although the dielectric constant of the silicone elastomer increased with increasing loading amount of lead magnesium niobate, actuated strain did not increase as expected because the elastic modulus increased at the same time. The elastic modulus of silicone dielectric elastomer was decreased by reducing the crosslink density or adding plasticizing agent, leading to a visible increase in actuated strain. It was also revealed that actuated strain of silicone dielectric elastomer always goes up with increasing ratio of dielectric constant to elastic modulus. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

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