Electrical conductivity of polymer blends of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): Poly(styrenesulfonate): N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and polyvinyl alcohol

Authors

  • Chang-hsiu Chen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
    • Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
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  • John C. LaRue,

    1. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
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  • Richard D. Nelson,

    1. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
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  • Lawrence Kulinsky,

    1. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
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  • Marc J. Madou

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
    2. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
    3. Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California 92697
    4. Ulsan National Institute for Science and Technology, World Class University, Ulsan, South Korea
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Abstract

The goal of this study is to determine the electrically conductivity of the polymers poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrenesulfonate): N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (PEDOT: PSS: NMP) and PEDOT: PSS when blended with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). While the conducting polymers have high conductivity when not blended with PVA, they are brittle and difficult to spin-coat. Thus, the motivation for this study is to develop blends of these two conducting polymers with PVA to produce a material with optimized mechanical properties and that can also be spin-coated. The blends are produced using aqueous preparations of these materials. Mixtures of various weight percentages (wt %) of PEDOT: PSS: NMP and PEDOT: PSS are prepared and spin-coated on glass slides to form thin films. In the blends, the film conductivity increases with increasing content of either PEDOT: PSS: NMP or PEDOT: PSS. For example, 100 wt % of PEDOT: PSS: NMP and 60 wt % of PEDOT: PSS: NMP blended with PVA exhibit conductivities of, respectively, 10 and 4.02 S/cm. In contrast, conductivities of only 0.0525 and 0.000506 S/cm are observed, respectively, for 100 wt % of PEDOT: PSS and 60 wt % of PEDOT: PSS content in the PEDOT: PSS/PVA blends (No NMP). The addition of the NMP enhances the electrical conductivity by two to five orders of magnitude (depending on the amount of PVA in the blend) due to conformational change of PEDOT chains. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

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