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Synthesis and characterization of polybenzimidazole–nanodiamond hybrids via in situ polymerization method

Authors

  • Ru Zhang,

    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Metal Matrix Composite Materials Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China
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  • ZhiXing Shi,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Metal Matrix Composite Materials Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China
    • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Metal Matrix Composite Materials Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China
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  • Yang Liu,

    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Metal Matrix Composite Materials Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China
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  • Jie Yin

    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory for Metal Matrix Composite Materials Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Poly[2,2′-(p-oxydiphenylene)-5,5′-bibenzimidazole] (OPBI) was polymerized in poly(phosphoric acid) (PPA) with the presence of the pristine nanodiamonds (NDs) (0.2–5 wt %) to fabricate NDs-g-OPBI/OPBI nanocomposites via Friedel–Crafts (F-C) reaction. The OPBI chains were successfully attached to the NDs through F-C reaction between carboxylic acid from OPBI and NDs, which was proved by nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray photoelectron, and X-ray diffraction. NDs-g-OPBI/OPBI nanocomposites show more homogeneous dispersion than the physical blending containing pristine NDs and OPBI matrix, as showed through scanning electronic microscopy images. The mechanical properties, including Young's modulus, yield strength, and tensile strength are all improved by the introduction of NDs (<1 wt %) without loss of ductility, which overcomes the brittleness brought by the addition of inorganic reinforced agent in traditional composites. Dynamic mechanical analysis results showed that the modulus of the ND-g-OPBI/OPBI nanocomposites was significantly higher than OPBI matrix, and the NDs-g-OPBI/OPBI nanocomposites displayed more pronounced improvement than the physical blending, which could be ascribed to the homogeneous dispersion of NDs particles and the covalent bonding between NDs and OPBI via F-C reaction. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated that all the OPBI nanocomposites containing NDs displayed the improved thermal stability. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

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