Microwave preparation and properties of O-crosslinked maleic acyl chitosan adsorbent for Pb2+ and Cu2+



A novel chitosan-based adsorbent (CCTM) was prepared by the reaction of epichlorohydrin O-crosslinked chitosan with maleic anhydride under microwave irradiation. The chemical structure of this polymer was characterized by infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses. The effects of various variables such as degree of substitution, adsorption time, initial metal ion concentration, solution pH, and temperature, on the adsorption of Pb2+ and Cu2+ by CCTM were investigated. The results demonstrate that the microwave irradiation can remarkably enhance the reaction. CCTM has higher adsorption capacity than chitosan. The maximum adsorption capacities for Pb2+ and Cu2+, with initial concentrations of 0.02 mol L−1 at pH 5, are 246.3 and 132.5 mg g−1, respectively. The adsorbent can be recycled. These results have important implications for the design of effective chitosan-based adsorbents in the removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012