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Grafting modification of electrospun polystyrene fibrous membranes via an entrapped initiator in an acrylic acid aqueous solution

Authors

  • Ran Tao,

    1. Faculty of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 Eastern Ganjiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, People's Republic of China
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  • Xinsheng Zhu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 Eastern Ganjiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, People's Republic of China
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, People's Republic of China
    • Faculty of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 Eastern Ganjiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, People's Republic of China
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  • Yu-Ting Zuo,

    1. Faculty of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 Eastern Ganjiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, People's Republic of China
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  • Li-Juan Fan,

    Corresponding author
    1. College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, People's Republic of China
    • College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, People's Republic of China
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  • Bing Wang,

    1. Faculty of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 Eastern Ganjiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, People's Republic of China
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  • Ji-Ting Xin

    1. Faculty of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 Eastern Ganjiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Ultrafine electrospun polymer fibers, with their large specific surface areas, have not found wide applications partly because the fiber surfaces usually carry an insufficient quantity of active groups. The electrospinning and surface-grafting copolymerization of polystyrene fibrous membranes were carried out via the embedded radical initiator approach. The results from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy show that the initiator added to the polystyrene dope was deliberately expelled onto the fiber surfaces. The microstructure and hydrophilicity of the grafted membranes were investigated with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and water contact angle and water uptake capacity measurements. An increase in the initiator dosages led to decreases in the grafting rate, water uptake, and hydrophilicity of the grafted membranes; the opposite was true for increases in the neutralization of acrylic acid (AA). However, the grafting, water uptake, and hydrophilicity of the grafted membranes presented nonlinear relationships with the concentration of AA. The initiator emigration technique will provide a facile and feasible platform for the surface-grafting modification of electrospun membranes. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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