Polyurethane (PUR) rigid foams were prepared from recycled aircraft deicing agent (aircraft deicing fluid) with reaction of hexamethylene diisocyanate at temperature of 55°C. The effect of [NCO]/[OH] ratio on properties of microscopic structure, cell size distribution, compressive strength, apparent density, as well as thermal conductivity (k) was studied. Higher [NCO]/[OH] ratio helped achieve better micromorphology, higher apparent density, and compressive strength of the PUR foams. With the [NCO]/[OH] ratio of 0.75 and 0.8, some shrinking happened during foam rising, causing a decrease in total volume of the PUR foam, and leading to higher apparent density as well as sharply increased compressive strength. All PUR foams displayed good thermal insulation properties in this study. With [NCO]/[OH] ratio increased from 0.7 to 0.8, the k value increased significantly from 34.3 to 42.2 mW m−1 K−1. The k value here was chiefly governed by the apparent density of the foams, which was in turn a function of the ratio of [NCO]/[OH]. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci., 2013
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