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Membranes of poly(phenylene oxide) and its copolymers: Synthesis, characterization, and application in recovery of propylene from a refinery off-gas mixture

Authors

  • Susheela Bai Gajbhiye

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    1. Department of Engineering Chemistry, College of Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, India
    • Department of Engineering Chemistry, College of Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, India
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Abstract

Copolymers of 2,6-dimethyl-phenol (DMP) and 2,6-diphenyl-phenol (DPP) were synthesized in the initial molar ratio of 100 : 0 (S(PPO)), 90 : 10 (Co-A), 75 : 25 (Co-B), 65 : 35 (Co-C), and 0 : 100 (PDPPO). Dense membranes of 30 μm thickness were tested for single gas permeation and binary mixture separation of 55:45 (in mol %) propylene-propane at 30°C ± 2°C. Their performance was ultimately examined in the enrichment of propylene from a refinery off-gas mixture (ROG or also called as absorber tail gas, ATG) having the same composition as the ATG of a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit of HPCL refinery, Visakhapatnam. The mixture contains C1–C5 hydrocarbons and nonhydrocarbons such as CO, CO2, H2, and N2. A detailed permeation study of the hydrocarbon part of ATG revealed that using S(PPO) and Co-A, propylene could be upgraded from ∼ 29 mol % (on nonhydrocarbon free basis) to 62.2 and 74.4 mol % with propylene/propane selectivity ratio of 5.99 and 8.45, respectively. The structure of polymers was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (Proton NMR), viscosity measurements. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), density and fractional free volume measurements were used for studying membrane morphology. Dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer (DMTA) and tensile testing were carried to find glass transition temperature (Tg) and mechanical properties. The relative differences observed in gas permeation of these polymers were correlated with the physical properties measured. S(PPO) and Co-A were identified as potential materials for the upgradation of propylene from refinery off-gas streams. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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