Miscibility study of chitosan/polyethylene glycol fumarate blends in dilute solutions



Solution miscibility of chitosan/polyethylene glycol fumarate blends dissolved in acetate buffer solution was investigated in different blend compositions by viscosity, density, and refractive index measurement techniques at 30, 40, and 50°C. In order to quantify the miscibility of the polymer pair, degree of miscibility was studied by means of two criteria known as interaction parameters i.e., μ and α. On the basis of the sign convention involved in these criteria, these values revealed that the blend solution was miscible when the chitosan content was more than 80% (w/w) of the composition. The results were confirmed by density, and refractive index measurements. Furthermore, the results showed that the miscibility window of chitosan/polyethylene glycol fumarate blends was independent with respect to the changes in solution temperature. Therefore, these results suggested due to intermolecular hydrogen-bonding interaction between amino and hydroxy groups of chitosan and hydroxy groups of polyethylene glycol fumarate which play an important role in the formation of miscible phase. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013