Ionic liquid as surfactant in microwave-assisted emulsion polymerization

Authors

  • Cristiane Costa,

    1. Departamento de Engenharia Química e de Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis SC 88040-900, Brazil
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  • Verusca H. S. Santos,

    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Sistemas Coloidais, Instituto de Tecnologia e Pesquisa, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
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  • Claudio Dariva,

    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Sistemas Coloidais, Instituto de Tecnologia e Pesquisa, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
    2. Programa de Engenharia de Processos, Universidade Tiradentes, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
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  • Alexandre F. Santos,

    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Sistemas Coloidais, Instituto de Tecnologia e Pesquisa, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
    2. Programa de Engenharia de Processos, Universidade Tiradentes, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
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  • Montserrat Fortuny,

    1. Núcleo de Estudos em Sistemas Coloidais, Instituto de Tecnologia e Pesquisa, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
    2. Programa de Engenharia de Processos, Universidade Tiradentes, Aracaju SE 49032-490, Brazil
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  • Pedro H. H. Araujo,

    1. Departamento de Engenharia Química e de Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis SC 88040-900, Brazil
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  • Claudia Sayer

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Engenharia Química e de Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis SC 88040-900, Brazil
    • Departamento de Engenharia Química e de Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis SC 88040-900, Brazil
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Abstract

The aim of this work is to study the use of an ionic liquid (IL) as surfactant in emulsion polymerization reactions and to evaluate its effect when these reactions are heated under microwave irradiation. The IL 1-n-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride was chosen to replace the surfactant dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) in methyl methacrylate emulsion polymerizations. The conversion evolutions and the final average diameter of polymeric particles were quite similar for reactions using the surfactant DTAB or the IL, showing that the IL acted efficiently as surfactant in emulsion polymerizations. Comparing the polymerization reactions performed under microwave irradiation and conventional heating, reaction rate enhancements were obtained for both DTAB and IL. Using a pulsed scheme, under high-power microwave irradiation, slightly higher reaction rates and molecular weights were obtained in reactions using IL, in comparison with surfactant DTAB, indicating the existence of some specific effects linked to IL–microwaves interaction. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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