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A method to break charge transfer complex of polyimide: A study on solution behavior

Authors

  • Fuyou Ke,

    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering and State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
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  • Naiheng Song,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, the Key Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry and Physics of the Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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  • Dehai Liang,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, the Key Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry and Physics of the Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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  • Hongyao Xu

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Engineering and State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
    • College of Material Science and Engineering and State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
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Abstract

Charge transfer complex strongly affects the optical transparency of polyimide film. Here, solution behavior of a polyimide derived from 3,3′,4,4′ biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride and 1,4-bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine in acetic acid, chloroform, and their mixed solvents is investigated in detail by light scattering. It is found that the polyimide existed as single chains in acetic acid owing to the acid-base interaction. However, association is observed in chloroform solution because of the charge transfer complex and enhanced by increasing the solution concentration. To break the charge transfer interaction and clear the association, only a small amount of acetic acid is required to add into the chloroform solution owing to the protonation of the diamine groups, confirmed by the zeta potential measurements. Simultaneously, the associates disappear quickly after addition of acetic acid. This study will provide a novel method for preparation of high optical transparent polyimide film by simply tuning the solvent. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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