Dispersion of nanoclays with poly(ethylene terephthalate) by melt blending and solid state polymerization

Authors

  • Sung-Gi Kim,

    1. Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Polymer Institute, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Elizabeth A. Lofgren,

    1. Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Polymer Institute, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Saleh A. Jabarin

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Polymer Institute, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390
    • Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Polymer Institute, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Melt intercalation of clay with poly(ethylene terephthalate; PET) was investigated in terms of PET chain mobilities, natures of clay modifiers, their affinities with PET, and nanocomposite solid state polymerization (SSP). Twin screw extrusion was used to melt blend PET resins with intrinsic viscosities of 0.48, 0.63, and 0.74 dL/g with organically modified Cloisite 10A, 15A, and 30B montmorillonite clays. Clay addition caused significant molecular weight reductions in the extruded PET nanocomposites. Rates of SSP decreased and crystallization rates increased in the presence of clay particles. Cloisite 15A blends showed no basal spacing changes, whereas the basal spacings of Cloisite 10A and Cloisite 30B nanocomposites increased after melt extrusion, indicating the presence of intercalated nanostructures. After SSP these nanocomposites also exhibited new lower angle X-ray diffraction peaks, indicating further expansion of their basal spacings. Greatest changes were seen for nanocomposites prepared from the lowest molecular weight PET and Cloisite 30B, indicating its greater affinity with PET and that shorter more mobile PET chains were better able to enter its galleries and increase basal spacing. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

Ancillary