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Evaluation of the phytomass source for composite preparation

Authors

  • Ivan Šimkovic,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 845 38 Bratislava, Slovakia
    • Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 845 38 Bratislava, Slovakia
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  • Igor Šurina,

    1. Department of Chemical Technology of Wood, Pulp and Paper, Institute of Polymer Materials, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, STU, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
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  • Radoslav Mikulášik,

    1. Department of Chemical Technology of Wood, Pulp and Paper, Institute of Polymer Materials, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, STU, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
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  • Anna Orságová,

    1. Department of Chemical Technology of Wood, Pulp and Paper, Institute of Polymer Materials, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, STU, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
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  • Aleš Ház,

    1. Department of Chemical Technology of Wood, Pulp and Paper, Institute of Polymer Materials, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, STU, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
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  • Clemens Schwarzinger

    1. Institut für Chemische Technologie Organischer Stoffe, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, A-4040 Linz, Austria
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Abstract

The properties of lignocellulose materials from the trunk and bark of trees, and from agricultural sources were investigated by thermogravimetry (TG) and pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). The goal was to learn which of the phytomass sources is the most accessible to dehydration and aldol reactions, and in this way could be considered suitable for composite preparation by the thermal pressing treatment. The bagasse second differential thermal analysis peak in air is at the highest temperature acceptable for intermolecular dehydration/crosslinking, and therefore we consider bagasse to be the most suitable candidate for composite preparation. From the TG results in air at 250°C, it follows that willow wood and bagasse are the most thermally resistant sources. The data obtained by Py-GC/MS analysis showed glycolaldehyde and acetic acid as dominant markers related to adhesion properties via aldol condensation. The detected sum amount of glyceraldehyde and acetic acid decreases in the order: beech wood > bagasse > acacia wood > sugar beet pulp, whereas the remaining species produced much less of it. By comparing results run at above conditions with composite preparation using the pressing thermal treatment at a temperature of 150°C and pressures up to 800 kPa, the suggested evaluation was examined for application on sugar beet residue. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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