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Covalent immobilization of β-galactosidase onto electrospun nanofibers of poly (AN-co-MMA) copolymer

Authors

  • M. R. El-Aassar,

    Corresponding author
    1. Petrochemical research chair, Department of chemistry, King Saud University, PO Box: 2455 Riyadh 11451, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    2. Polymer materials research Department, Institute of Advanced Technology and New Material, City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications, New Borg El-Arab City 21934, Alexandria, Egypt
    • Petrochemical research chair, Department of chemistry, King Saud University, PO Box: 2455 Riyadh 11451, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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  • Salem S. Al-Deyab,

    1. Petrochemical research chair, Department of chemistry, King Saud University, PO Box: 2455 Riyadh 11451, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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  • El-Refaie Kenawy

    1. Chemistry Departments, Polymer Research Group, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Egypt
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Abstract

Immobilization of β-galactosidase in poly (acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate) poly (AN-co-MMA) Nanofibers was studied by electrospinning, and a spacer-arm i.e., (Polyethyleneimine (PEI)) was covalently attached by the reaction of carbonyl groups of Poly (AN-co-MMA) nanofibers. β-galactosidase was then covalently immobilized through the spacer-arm of the Poly (AN-co-MMA) nanofibers by using glutaraldehyde (GA) as a coupling agent. Nanofibers mode of interaction was proven by FTIR and thermal gravimetric analysis and supported by morphological changes recognized through SEM examination. Factors affecting the modification process such as PEI concentration, reaction time, and reaction temperature have been studied. Its influence on the amount of coupled PEI was consequently correlated to the changes of the catalytic activity and the retained activity of immobilized enzyme, the main parameters judging the success of the immobilization process. Evidences of Poly (AN-co-MMA) nanofibers modification were extracted from morphological changes recognized through SEM examination. The maximum activity (Vmax) and michaelis constant (Km) of immobilized enzyme were found to be 8.8 μmole/min mg protein and 236.7 mM, respectively. Stabilities of the immobilized β-galactosidase were obviously improved. The optimum temperature for β-galactosidase immobilized on the spacer-arm attached nanofiber was 5°C higher than that of the free enzyme and was also significantly broader. The immobilized β-galactosidase had better resistance to temperature inactivation than did the free form. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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