Elongational rheology of biodegradable poly(lactic acid)/poly[(butylene succinate)-co-adipate] binary blends and poly(lactic acid)/poly[(butylene succinate)-co-adipate]/clay ternary nanocomposites



A series of blends based on poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly[(butylene succinate)-co-adipate] (PBSA) as well as their nanocomposites with nanoclay (PLA/PBSA/Clay ternary nanocomposites) were prepared using the twin-screw extruder. The blends were prepared for PBSA contents ranging from 25 to 75 wt % and their corresponding nanocomposites were prepared at a single-clay concentration. The morphology and structure of the blends and the nanocomposites were examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Rheological properties (dynamic oscillatory shear measurements and elongational viscosities) of the blends, nanocomposites, and pure components were studied in detail. The strain hardening intensity of different blends and nanocomposites was compared with the behavior of the pure components. Strong strain hardening behavior was observed for blends composed of 50 wt % and higher PBSA content. However, the effect of PBSA content on the elongational viscosity was less pronounced in PLA/PBSA/Clay ternary nanocomposites. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013