Influence of oxygen on the stabilization reaction of polyacrylonitrile fibers

Authors

  • Shijie Xiao,

    1. National Carbon Fiber Engineering Research Center, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Bin Wang,

    1. National Carbon Fiber Engineering Research Center, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Chun Zhao,

    1. National Carbon Fiber Engineering Research Center, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Lianghua Xu,

    Corresponding author
    1. National Carbon Fiber Engineering Research Center, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    • National Carbon Fiber Engineering Research Center, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Biaohua Chen

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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Abstract

Stabilized polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers pretreated under N2 and air atmospheres were prepared and their thermal behaviors were compared by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry methods. The results indicated that the subsequent stabilization reaction of PAN pretreated in air was more obvious than that in N2. In addition, the thermal stability of PAN pretreated in air is better than that in N2. The structural analysis by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance implied that oxygen promoted dehydrogenation and a compact conjugated structure was formed in PAN. In addition, the C[DOUBLE BOND]O structures were generated in air and increased gradually with temperature. The contents of oxygen in PAN fibers studied by elemental analysis corresponded with the structural evolution. Further investigation indicated that the C[DOUBLE BOND]O structures helped dehydration and also promoted formation of the cross-linked structures. A mechanism for structural evolution in PAN during stabilization in air was proposed. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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