Synthesis and swelling behavior of thermosensitive IPN hydrogels based on sodium acrylate and N-isopropyl acrylamide by a two-step method



A series of interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogels having higher swelling ratio (SR) and thermosensitivity were synthesized from sodium acrylate (SA) and N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAAm) by a two-step method. A series of the porous poly(sodium acrylate -co-1-vinyl–2-pyrrolidone) [poly(SA-co-VP)], (SV), hydrogels were prepared from acrylic acid having 90% degree of neutralization and VP monomer in the first step. The second step is to immerse the SV dried gels into the NIPAAm solution containing initiator, accelerator, and crosslinker to absorb NIPAAm solution and then polymerized to form the poly(SA-co-VP)/poly(NIPAAm) IPN hydrogels (SVN). The effect of the different molar ratios of SA/VP and the content of NIPAAm on the swelling behavior and physical properties of the SVN hydrogels was investigated. Results showed that the SVN hydrogels displayed an obviously thermoreversible behavior when the temperature turns across the critical gel transition temperature (CGTT) of poly(NIPAAm) hydrogel. The pore diameter distributions inside the hydrogel also indicated that the pore sizes inside the SVN hydrogels were smaller than those inside the SV hydrogels. At the same time, the more proportion of SA was added into the hydrogel, the larger pore diameter of the SV hydrogel was formed. The results also showed that the SR decreased with an increase of the VP content in the SV hydrogel and more obviously decreased in the SVN hydrogels. The SVN networks also showed stronger shear moduli than SV hydrogels. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013