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How do the shape of clay and type of modifier affect properties of polymer blends?

Authors

  • Raúl Gallego,

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials-Process-Product Department of CIDAUT, Foundation for Research and Development in Transport and Energy, Parque Tecnológico de Boecillo, Boecillo, E-4715, Valladolid, Spain
    • CIDAUT, Foundation for Research and Development in Transport and Energy, Parque Tecnológico de Boecillo, Boecillo, E-4715, Valladolid, Spain
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  • David García-López,

    1. Materials-Process-Product Department of CIDAUT, Foundation for Research and Development in Transport and Energy, Parque Tecnológico de Boecillo, Boecillo, E-4715, Valladolid, Spain
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  • Juan Carlos Merino,

    1. Materials-Process-Product Department of CIDAUT, Foundation for Research and Development in Transport and Energy, Parque Tecnológico de Boecillo, Boecillo, E-4715, Valladolid, Spain
    2. Department of Physics of the Condensed Matter, E.I.I. University of Valladolid, Paseo del Cauce 59, 47011, Valladolid, Spain
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  • José María Pastor

    1. Materials-Process-Product Department of CIDAUT, Foundation for Research and Development in Transport and Energy, Parque Tecnológico de Boecillo, Boecillo, E-4715, Valladolid, Spain
    2. Department of Physics of the Condensed Matter, E.I.I. University of Valladolid, Paseo del Cauce 59, 47011, Valladolid, Spain
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Abstract

Polyamide 6/ethylene–propylene–diene metallocene terpolymer/(ethylene–propylene–diene copolymer)-graft-(maleic anhydride) blends with clay (3 and 5 wt % depending on the formulation), different clays (montmorillonite and sepiolite) and different surface functionalization (ammonium salts and silanes) were studied to analyze the effect of the shape of clay and type of modifier on their properties. The results have shown that sepiolite has higher influence on the morphology and on the mechanical properties than montmorillonite. In that sense, blends with 3 wt % of sepiolite have reached the best balanced properties, i.e., tensile modulus and impact strength, than their homologous with montmorillonite. Furthermore, the blends with 3 wt % of sepiolite have reached the highest mechanical properties compared with blends with higher montmorillonite content. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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