Synthesis and characterization of the new cellulose derivative films based on the hydroxyethyl cellulose prepared from esparto “stipa tenacissima” cellulose of Eastern Morocco. II. Esterification with acyl chlorides in a homogeneous medium

Authors

  • Abderahmane El idrissi,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Environment, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences (Med I University), 60000 Oujda, Morocco
    • Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Environment, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences (Med I University), 60000 Oujda, Morocco
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  • Soufian El barkany,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Environment, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences (Med I University), 60000 Oujda, Morocco
    2. Physical Chemistry Laboratory of Natural Resources and Environment, Department of Environmental Engineering, National School of Applied Sciences in Al Hoceima, (Med I University), 32 003 Al Hoceima, Morocco
    • Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Environment, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences (Med I University), 60000 Oujda, Morocco
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  • Hassan Amhamdi,

    1. Physical Chemistry Laboratory of Natural Resources and Environment, Department of Environmental Engineering, National School of Applied Sciences in Al Hoceima, (Med I University), 32 003 Al Hoceima, Morocco
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  • Abdel-Karim Maaroufi

    1. Faculty of Sciences, (Med V University), Department of Chemistry, Rabat, Morocco
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Abstract

Esparto “Stipa tenacissima” cellulose esters derivatives: HECA-COO[BOND]C4H8[BOND]COOC2H5, HECA-COO[BOND]C8H16[BOND]COOC2H5, and HECA-COO[BOND]C6H4[BOND]COOC2H5 were successfully prepared in Tetrahydrofuran (THF)/triethylamine system with a degree of substitution (DS), respectively, DSAD-Et=0.32, DSSB-Et=0.22, and DSTRP-Et=0.50 using hydroxyethyl cellulose acetate (HECA; DSAC=0.50) as intermediate product, and we avoided the drawbacks of cellulose solubility. The structural modifications were investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (13C-NMR), and Distortionless Enhancement by Polarization Transfer 135° (DEPT-135). The results from these analyses revealed the presence of the characteristic groups indicating that the grafting reaction was successful. The crystallinity and the structure order changes during the esterification reactions were recorded by X-ray diffraction (XRD), it is found that the crystallinity degree decrease from 63.1% for Esparto “Stipa tenacissima” cellulose to 27.74% for HECA. The thermal stability of the esterified and unmodified cellulose samples was studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)-differential thermal analysis (DTA); the modified HECA exhibits a decrease in thermal stability relatively to the unmodified HECA, and this may be related to the groups grafted. The resulted cellulose esters HECA-Px (x = 1, 2, or 3) were soluble in THF and present an amorphous structure justified by XRD spectra. It was noted by TGA-DTA analysis that the cellulose esters with low melting range were proved as thermoplastic polymers. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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