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Effect of intermolecular and intramolecular forces on hydrodynamic diameters of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) copolymers in aqueous solutions

Authors

  • Lei Yang,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China
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  • Tianqing Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China
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  • Kedong Song,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China
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  • Shuang Wu,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China
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  • Xin Fan

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

A novel copolymer, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-hydroxypropyl methacrylate-co-3-trimethoxysilypropyl methacrylate) has been synthesized and the hydrodynamic diameters in various aqueous solutions under different temperatures are determined by dynamic light scattering. The results show that the hydrodynamic diameters of copolymers have no obvious change in each working solution below lower critical solution temperature (LCST); across LCST, the diameters increased suddenly at different initial temperature in various aqueous solutions; above LCST, they decreased slightly as the temperature increased in UHQ water, and increased continuously with increasing temperature or salt concentration in saline solutions, and reduced with the rising of pH value in pH buffer. These are attributed to different intermolecular and intramolecular forces leading to disparity in dimension, conformation, and LCST of copolymers. The hydrogen bonding between water molecules and copolymer chains could maintain size and conformation of copolymer single chain; the hydrogen bonding between amide linkages and hydrophobic interactions between isopropyl groups result in intramolecular collapse and intermolecular aggregation; the electrostatic repulsion weakens aggregation extent of copolymers. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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