• chaotic mixing;
  • blends;
  • morphology;
  • processing;
  • computational fluid dynamic


The effects of periodic and non-periodic chaotic mixing on the morphology development in the blending of polypropylene as dispersed phase and polyamide 6 as continuous phase in a 2D batch chaotic mixer were investigated with experimental and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) methods. The rotor motions were delivered in steady, periodic (sine waveform and square waveform), and non-periodic (recursive protocol (RP) and restricted random sequence (RRS)) manners. The mixing efficiency was evaluated with flow number, Poincare map, morphology, droplet size and its distribution. Compared with the sine waveform, RP waveform could eliminate the island structures which existed in the flow domains and its corresponding spatial stretching distribution was more uniform. The recursively generated flow using RP lead to higher mixing efficiency and smaller droplet size with narrow distribution. However, the performance of RRS was ordinary even worse due to its random sequence.© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013