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Viscoelastic and thermal decomposition behaviors of polytetrahydrofuran binder prepared using glycerin as a crosslinking modifier

Authors

  • Makoto Kohga,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu 1-10-20, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan
    • Department of Applied Chemistry, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu 11020, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan
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  • Tomoki Naya,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu 1-10-20, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan
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  • Shingo Shioya

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu 1-10-20, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan
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Abstract

Polytetrahydrofuran (PTHF) is an effective binder ingredient used for improving the performance of propellants. PTHF becomes sufficiently rubbery for use as a binder with the addition of an adequate crosslinking modifier. This study investigated the viscoelastic and thermal decomposition behaviors of the PTHF binder prepared using glycerin as a crosslinking modifier, as well as the influence of the molecular weight of PTHF on the characteristics of the PTHF binder. The curing behavior of the PTHF binder was suitable for the manufacture of propellants, and the superior tensile properties of the PTHF binder made it suitable for use as a propellant binder. The degree of crosslinking of the samples decreased as the molecular weight of the PTHF increased. The PTHF binder has unique dynamic mechanical properties owing to its melting and chemical structure, and these properties were dependent on the molecular weight of PTHF. The glass transition temperature (Tg) and the loss tangent at Tg decreased as the molecular weight of the PTHF increased. The temperature and frequency dependence of the PTHF binder were influenced by the melting point of PTHF. The viscoelastic properties of the binder prepared using PTHF with a molecular weight of 650 followed the time–temperature superposition principle. The activation energy for the relaxation of this binder varied remarkably at the melting point of PTHF. The thermal decomposition behavior indicated that at low temperatures, the consumption rate of the binder with low-molecular-weight PTHF was slightly larger than that of the binder with high-molecular-weight PTHF. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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