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Preparation, characterization and the effect of carboxymethylated chitosan–cellulose derivatives hydrogels on wound healing

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Abstract

Oxidized carboxymethyl cellulose (OCMC) was prepared by an oxidation reaction of carboxymethyl cellulose in the presence of sodium periodate. In situ crosslinked hydrogels were obtained through the crosslinking reaction between the active aldehyde of OCMC and the amino groups of the carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS). The structure of the hydrogels was characterized by FTIR and scanning electron microscopy. Gelation time test showed that the hydrogel had the shortest gelation time of 24 s. The equilibrium fluid content, which represented the swelling degree, was evaluated and we found that the pH increased from 3.0 to 9.0, the equilibrium fluid content increased, and the highest equilibrium fluid content reached 312.83% as pH = 9.0. The wound healing efficacy of the hydrogel was evaluated in experimental deep second degree burns using a rat model. Results indicated that the wound covered with hydrogel was completely filled with new epithelium within 2 weeks, without any significant adverse reactions. The in situ crosslinked hydrogel fulfilled many critical elements in a wound dressing material. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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