Multifunctional and durable nanofiber-fabric-layered composite for protective application

Authors

  • Quan Shi,

    1. Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8301
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  • Narendiran Vitchuli,

    1. Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8301
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  • Joshua Nowak,

    1. Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7909
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  • Shan Jiang,

    1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 130027, China
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  • Jane M. Caldwell,

    1. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7624
    2. Department of Food Science, North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7624
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  • Frederick Breidt,

    1. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7624
    2. Department of Food Science, North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7624
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  • Mohamed Bourham,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7909
    • Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7909
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  • Xiangwu Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8301
    • Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8301
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  • Marian McCord

    Corresponding author
    1. Fiber and Polymer Science Program, Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8301
    2. Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7115
    3. Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27599
    • Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7909
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Abstract

A multifunctional and durable nanofiber-fabric-layered composite (NFLC) material was prepared by depositing electrospun Ag/PAN hybrid nanofibers onto a Nylon/cotton 50: 50 fabric substrate. The NFLCs showed excellent aerosol barrier efficiency and good air/moisture permeability. In addition, they showed excellent antibacterial efficiency by completely inhibiting the growth of both Gram-negative E. coli and Gram-positive S. aureus. The interfacial adhesion between the nanofiber layer and fabric substrate was significantly improved by atmospheric plasma pretreatment of the substrate. The resultant NFLCs showed excellent resistance to peeling, twisting, and flexing forces. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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