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Synthesis and clay stabilization of a water-soluble copolymer based on acrylamide, modular β-cyclodextrin, and AMPS

Authors

  • Xiangjun Liu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
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  • Wenchao Jiang,

    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
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  • Shaohua Gou,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
    2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhongbin Ye,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
    2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
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  • Cheng Luo

    1. State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

A modular β-cyclodextrin copolymer for clay stabilization was prepared from 2-O-(allyloxy-2-hydroxyl-propyl)-β-cyclodextrin (XBH), acrylamide (AM), 2-acrylamido-2-methyl propane sulfonic acid (AMPS), and sodium acrylate (NaAA) via redox free-radical copolymerization. The effects of reactive conditions (such as initiator concentration, monomer ratio, reaction temperature, and pH) on the apparent viscosity of the copolymer were investigated and the optimal conditions for the copolymerization were established. The copolymer obtained was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, viscosity measurements, rheological measurement, core stress test, and X-ray diffractometry. The crystalline interspace of MMT could be reduced from 18.95323 Å to 15.21484 Å by copolymer AM/NaAA/AMPS/XBH. And this water-soluble copolymer also showed remarkable anti-shear ability, temperature resistance, and salt tolerance (1000 s−1, viscosity retention rate: 35%; 120°C, viscosity retention rate: 75%; 10,000 mg/L NaCl, viscosity retention rate: 50.2%; 2000 mg/L CaCl2, viscosity retention rate: 48.5%; 2000 mg/L MgCl2, viscosity retention rate: 42.9%). © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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