The expansion of polymer nanosphere applications requires facile and versatile preparation techniques. In this study, combining circled premix membrane emulsification and thermally initiated miniemulsion polymerization, we developed a new strategy for preparing uniform polystyrene nanospheres within a duration as short as 1 h. The size of the nanospheres, ranging from 40 to 120 nm, was dependent on the premix membrane emulsification cycle number, the transmembrane flow rate, and the membrane pore size; this was almost consistent with characterizations of droplet size evolution. The coefficient of variation, around 15%, indicated that the size distribution of the nanospheres was still narrow, even as the monomer-to-water ratio was as high as 0.2. This method may be competitive for further applications because of its high production efficiency and low system requirements. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013
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