Resistivity relaxation behavior of carbon black filled high-density polyethylene conductive composites

Authors

  • Ji-Zhao Liang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Division of Green Function Materials and Equipment, School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, People's Republic of China
    • Research Division of Green Function Materials and Equipment, School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, People's Republic of China
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  • Quan-Quan Yang

    1. Research Division of Green Function Materials and Equipment, School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

The variation of resistivity for high-density polyethylene (HDPE) conductive composites filled with carbon black (CB) with time was investigated under the excitation of different temperature field. The movement of CB particles in the HDPE matrix was not a momentary equilibrium process, but a relaxation process. The relaxation of resistivity of the composites was monotonic, and it could be described by an exponential form above melting temperature. However, the relaxation of resistivity was nonmonotonic below melting temperature, herein a parameter t0 which was the beginning time of the resistivity attenuation could be introduced into the exponential equation. The attenuation of resistivity at constant temperature was limited for the composites with certain content of CB. The resistivity of the composites would incline to a constant value with the prolongation of time no matter what the heat treatment temperature was. Heating rate had influence on the relaxation of resistivity of the composites, and the lower heating velocity resulted in less time to approach to the equilibrium resistivity. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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