The effects of binder on the physical and mechanical properties of chemically treated sawdust-reinforced polypropylene composites

Authors

  • M. A. M. Mohd Idrus,

    1. Applied Science & Advance Tech. Section, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology, Dataran Industri Teknologi Kejuruteraan Marin Bandar Teknologi Maritim Jalan Pantai Remis 32200 Lumut, Perak, Malaysia
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  • Sinin Hamdan,

    1. Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
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  • Md. Saiful Islam,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknology Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
    • Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
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  • Ahmad Azmeer Roslee,

    1. Applied Science & Advance Tech. Section, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology, Dataran Industri Teknologi Kejuruteraan Marin Bandar Teknologi Maritim Jalan Pantai Remis 32200 Lumut, Perak, Malaysia
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  • Habibur Rahman Sobuz

    1. School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
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Abstract

This study investigates the effects of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) as a binder on the mechanical and physical properties of wood polymer composites (WPCs). The WPCs were manufactured from tropical sawdust and polypropylene using a hot press molding method at five levels of sawdust loading (10–30 wt). For the manufacturing of the composites, the sawdust was chemically treated with 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate before 10 wt % PVA was added. The flexural strength, flexural modulus, Young's Modulus, and Rockwell hardness were found to improve with the treatments. However, the binder treated wood polymer composite (BTWPC) samples exhibited better mechanical properties than the raw wood polymer composite and the treated wood polymer composite (TWPC) samples. Moreover, water absorption decreased significantly for the TWPC and the BTWPC samples, indicating that their water resistance is higher than that of the raw samples. The SEM micrographs revealed that the interfacial bonding of the BTWPC had significantly improved, suggesting that the chemical treatment led to better dispersion of the filler into the matrix, and this improved further after the addition of the binder. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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