Thermomechanical and chemorheology properties of a thermosetting acrylic/melamine clearcoat modified with a hyperbranched polymer



The work presented here aims at studying the thermomechanical and chemorheological properties of an automotive clearcoat containing an acrylic/melamine resin modified with a hyperbranched poly ester-amide (HBP) additive. Rheological experiments were conducted at ambient (25°C) and curing temperature (140°C). Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis and hardness measurements were performed to reveal the influence of HBP content on the behavior of the cured samples. It was found that the viscosity of the resin containing HBP samples considerably decreased. Although curing degree and mechanical properties were improved at low HBP loadings, a reverse effect was seen at higher contents. Dynamic rheological results during curing showed that although low amount of HBP resulted in an early gel point (GP), higher HBP loading postponed the GP. This loading-dependent behavior was explained by the influence of HBP on viscosity and reactivity of the system on which the curing performance was influenced oppositely. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013