Melamine polyphosphate/silicon-modified phenolic resin flame retardant glass fiber reinforced polyamide-6

Authors

  • Yi Xu,

    1. The State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Yuan Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. The State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    • The State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Qi Wang

    1. The State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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Abstract

The halogen-free flame retardance of glass fiber reinforced polyamide-6 (PA6) is an everlastingly challenge due to well-known wick effect. In this research, a novel system composed of a nitrogen–phosphorous flame retardant, melamine polyphosphate combined with a macromolecular charring agent, silicon-modified phenolic resin (SPR), was employed to flame-retard glass fiber reinforced PA6. It exhibited obvious synergistic effect between the two components at a proper ratio range. The flame retardance of the composites can be remarkably improved due to the increased amount and improved thermal stability of the produced char. The flame resistance tests indicated that the synergism system with an optimized ratio achieved V0 (1.6 mm) rating of UL94, 25.2% of Limited Oxygen Index, and only 338.2 W/g of the heat release peak rate. The corresponding synergistic mechanisms were investigated by the characterizations including the thermal gravimetric analysis, carbonation test, and the char morphology observation. It confirmed that the introduced SPR could accelerate the carbonation of PA6 resin, which was in favor of the construction of denser and more continuous charring structure. In addition, the flame retardant materials also indicated the acceptable mechanical properties, showing the advantages in the overall performance. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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