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Keywords:

  • functionalization of polymers;
  • polyolefins;
  • extrusion

Abstract

Polypropylene (PP) was functionalized in the melt by grafting polar monomers using an internal mixer and a corotating twin-screw extruder. 2,5-Bis(tertbutylperoxy)-2,5-dimethylhexane (Luperox 101) and dicumyl peroxide (DP) were the used radical initiators. The polar monomers were itaconic acid (IAc), 2-octen-1-ylsuccinic anhydride (OY), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), and 3-allyloxy-1,2-propanediol (AP). Grafting was quantified by FTIR combined to Elemental Analysis. Grafting degree depends mainly on monomer and initiator natures and concentrations. Grafting degree maxima were 3.9, 2, 9.5, and 3.9 wt %, respectively, for IAc, OY, HEMA, and AP. Some properties of the modified PP were evaluated. Thermal analysis indicated that the polarity of PP increased by grafting reaction and size-exclusion chromatography showed that the grafting was not accompanied by a significant Mw and viscosity decrease. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013