Synthesis and catalytic activity of the thermoresponsive polymers having pyrrolidine side chains as base functionalities

Authors

  • Toru Uemukai,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kinki Uniersity, Osaka 577-8502, Japan
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  • Manabu Ishifune

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kinki Uniersity, Osaka 577-8502, Japan
    • Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kinki University, Osaka 577-8502, Japan
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Abstract

Optically active polymers having chiral 2-aminomethylpyrrolidine side chains have been newly synthesized by a radical homopolymerization of the corresponding protected acrylamide monomer and copolymerization with N-isopropylacrylamide followed by deprotection. The resulting polymers were found to be thermoresponsive showing lower critical solution temperatures (LCSTs) at 27–65°C in their aqueous solutions. The pyrrolidine side chains of the resulting thermoresponsive polymer promoted aldol reaction between cyclohexanone and p-nitrobenzaldehyde in water, and the reaction proceeded most smoothly at its LCST. Moreover, the diastereomeric ratio (syn : anti) of the aldol adducts obtained at the reaction at 40°C was 22 : 78, whereas the diastereomeric ratio (syn : anti) was 55 : 45 at 20°C. These results indicate that the pyrrolidine side chains catalyze the aldol reactions in the relatively hydrophobic field generated by the thermoresponsive polymer at its LCST. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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