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Mechanical and thermal enhancements of benzoxazine-based GF composite laminated by in situ reaction with carboxyl functionalized CNTs

Authors

  • Mingzhen Xu,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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  • Jinquan Hu,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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  • Xingqiang Zou,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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  • Mengdie Liu,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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  • Shihua Dong,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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  • Yanke zou,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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  • Xiaobo Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
    • Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic & Solid State Electronic, High-Temperature Resistant Polymers and Composites Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

An easy and efficient approach by using carboxyl functionalized CNTs (CNT-COOH) as nano reinforcement was reported to develop advanced thermosetting composite laminates. Benzoxazine containing cyano groups (BA-ph) grafted with CNTs (CNT-g-BA-ph), obtained from the in situ reaction of BA-ph and CNT-COOH, was used as polymer matrix and processed into glass fiber (GF)-reinforced laminates through hot-pressed technology. FTIR study confirmed that CNT-COOH was bonded to BA-ph matrices. The flexural strength and modulus increased from 450 MPa and 26.4 GPa in BA-ph laminate to 650 MPa and 28.4 GPa in CNT-g-BA-ph/GF composite, leading to 44 and 7.5% increase, respectively. The SEM image observation indicated that the CNT-COOH was distributed homogeneously in the matrix, and thus significantly eliminated the resin-rich regions and free volumes. Besides, the obtained composite laminates showed excellent thermal and thermal-oxidative stabilities with the onset degradation temperature up to 624°C in N2 and 522°C in air. This study demonstrated that CNT-COOH grafted on thermosetting matrices through in situ reaction can lead to obvious mechanical and thermal increments, which provided a new and effective way to design and improve the properties of composite laminates. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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