Low percolation threshold in polycarbonate/multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanocomposites through melt blending with poly(butylene terephthalate)

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Abstract

Here, we demonstrate an easy method for the preparation of highly electrically conductive polycarbonate (PC)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposites in the presence of poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT). In the presence of MWCNTs, PC and PBT formed a miscible blend, and the MWCNTs in the PC matrix were uniformly and homogeneously dispersed after the melt mixing of the PC and PBT–MWCNT mixture. Finally, when the proportion of the PC and PBT–MWCNT mixture in the blend/MWCNT nanocomposites was changed, an electrical conductivity of 6.87 × 10−7 S/cm was obtained in the PC/PBT–MWCNT nanocomposites at an MWCNT loading as low as about 0.35 wt %. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a regular and homogeneous dispersion and distribution of the MWCNTs and formed a continuous conductive network pathway of MWCNTs throughout the matrix phase. The storage modulus and thermal stability of the PC were also enhanced by the presence of a small amount of MWCNTs in the nanocomposites. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013

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