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Use of D-optimal design to model and the analysis of the effect of the draw ratio on some physical properties of hot multistage drawn nylon 6 fibers



In this article, we present an experimental design methodology for studying the effect of the draw ratio on the physical properties of nylon 6 fibers on hot multistage drawing. A response surface methodology involving D-optimal design was used for the modeling and optimization. According to the analysis of variance results, the proposed models could be used to navigate the design space. We found that the responses of the tenacity and initial modulus were very sensitive to the factor of the second-stage draw ratio, and the shrinkage response was governed by the factor of the third-stage draw ratio. The results show a good agreement between the experimental and model predictions with high correlation coefficients. The operation conditions for obtaining the drawn yarn with the highest tenacity and initial modulus and low shrinkage are proposed. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 1337-1344, 2013