Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Cu(II) complex anion exchange membranes prepared using chemical fiber for direct methanol fuel cells

Authors

  • Pei Yu Xu,

    1. Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China
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  • Chun Hui Zhao,

    1. Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China
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  • Qing Lin Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China
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ABSTRACT

PVA/Cu (II) complex anion exchange membranes (AEMs) were prepared for direct methanol fuel cells. The complex was for the first time used as membrane material of AEMs. Glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent was introduced to control water uptake and swelling of the membranes. The membranes with thickness of 1 μm were fabricated using chemical fibers based on the solution surface tension. The complex membranes show good ionic conductivity and low methanol permeability in the magnitude of 10−2 S · cm−1 and 10−7 cm−2 · S−1, respectively. This is a facile, efficient, green, and fast way to prepare new AEMs for direct methanol fuel cells. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 1172-1178, 2013

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