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Effect of ZnCl2- and SiCl4-doped TiCl4/MgCl2/THF catalysts for ethylene polymerization

Authors

  • Wanna Phiwkliang,

    1. Center of Excellence on Catalysis and Catalytic Reaction Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
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  • Bunjerd Jongsomjit,

    1. Center of Excellence on Catalysis and Catalytic Reaction Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
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  • Piyasan Praserthdam

    Corresponding author
    • Center of Excellence on Catalysis and Catalytic Reaction Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
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Correspondence to: P. Praserthdam (E-mail: piyasan.p@chula.ac.th)

ABSTRACT

In this research, ethylene polymerization was carried out in the presence of different additives (ZnCl2, SiCl4, and the combined ZnCl2-SiCl4) on TiCl4/MgCl2/THF catalytic system. The presence of ZnCl2-SiCl4 mixtures showed higher activity in ethylene polymerization when compared with the catalytic activity in the presence of single Lewis acids, ZnCl2, or SiCl4. The modified catalyst with ZnCl2-SiCl4 demonstrated the highest activity, which was more than three times the activity of the system without Lewis acid modification. The enhanced activity can be attributed to the reduction in the peak intensity of MgCl2/THF complexes with Lewis acid compounds as proven by XRD. This was reasonable because of some THF removal from the structure of MgCl2/THF by Lewis acid compounds. In addition to the effect of modification with additives on the partial elimination of THF, the catalytic activities could be increased due to the titanium atoms that have been locally concentrated on the surface as seen by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy measurement. On the basis of the in situ electron spin resonance measurement, the mixed metal chlorides (ZnCl2-SiCl4) addition could promote the amount of Ti3+after reduction with triethylaluminum. It revealed that the modification of TiCl4/MgCl2/THF catalytic system with mixed metal chlorides (ZnCl2-SiCl4) is very useful for ethylene polymerization. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 1588–1594, 2013

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