*These authors contributed equally to this work.
Recent advances in flexible sensors for wearable and implantable devices
Article first published online: 26 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume 130, Issue 3, pages 1429–1441, November 5, 2013
How to Cite
Pang, C., Lee, C. and Suh, K.-Y. (2013), Recent advances in flexible sensors for wearable and implantable devices. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 130: 1429–1441. doi: 10.1002/app.39461
†Current address: Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305.
- Issue published online: 8 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 26 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 APR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 4 JAN 2013
- biomedical applications;
- nanostructured polymers;
- sensors and actuators
Flexible devices are emerging as important applications for future display, robotics, in vitro diagnostics, advanced therapies, and energy harvesting. In this review, we provide an overview of recent achievements in flexible mechanical and electrical sensing devices, focusing on the properties and functions of polymeric layers. In the order of historical development, sensing platforms are classified into four types: electronic skins for robotics and medical applications, wearable devices for in vitro diagnostics, implantable devices for human organs or tissues for surgical applications, and advanced sensing devices with additional features such as transparency, self-power, and self-healing. In all of these examples, a polymer layer is used as a versatile component including a flexible structural support and a functional material to generate, transmit, and process mechanical and electrical inputs in various ways. We briefly discuss some outlooks and future challenges toward the next steps for flexible devices. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 1429–1441, 2013