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Effect of bamboo charcoal powder on the curing characteristics, mechanical properties, and thermal properties of styrene–butadiene rubber with bamboo charcoal powder

Authors

  • Xianghai Meng,

    1. National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China
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  • Yihe Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    • National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China
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  • Jinbo Lu,

    1. National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China
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  • Zhilei Zhang,

    1. National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China
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  • Leipeng Liu,

    1. National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China
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  • Paul K. Chu

    1. Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
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Correspondence to: Y. Zhang (E-mail: zyh@cugb.edu.cn)

ABSTRACT

Compounds of styrene–butadiene rubber (SBR) filled with bamboo charcoal powders (BCPs) were prepared with a laboratory-sized two-roll mill. The effects of the BCP loading on the curing characteristics and mechanical and thermal properties were investigated. The results indicate that the addition of BCP resulted in a longer curing time and a higher Mooney viscosity in the SBR materials. The incorporation of BCP into SBR improved the mechanical properties and dynamic properties. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of the vulcanizates after thermal aging were also studied, and the experimental results indicate that most of the mechanical properties improved after thermal aging. The overall results indicate that BCP could be used as a cheaper filler for SBR materials. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 4534–4541, 2013

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