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The effect of partial replacement of carbon black by carbon nanotubes on the properties of natural rubber/butadiene rubber compound

Authors

  • Minna Poikelispää,

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    • Department of Materials Science, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland
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  • Amit Das,

    1. Department of Materials Science, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland
    2. Department of Elastomers, Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden, Dresden, Germany
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  • Wilma Dierkes,

    1. Department of Materials Science, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland
    2. Department of Elastomer Technology and Engineering, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
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  • Jyrki Vuorinen

    1. Department of Materials Science, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland
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Correspondence to: M. Poikelispää (E-mail: minna.poikelispaa@tut.fi)

ABSTRACT

The basic objective of this study is to investigate the mechanical properties of tyre tread compounds by gradual replacement of carbon black by multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in a natural rubber–butadiene rubber-based system. A rapid change in the mechanical properties is noticed even at very low concentrations of nanotubes though the total concentration of the filler is kept constant at 25 phr (parts per hundred rubber). The correlation of the bound rubber content with MWCNT loading directly supports the conclusion that MWCNTs increase the occluded rubber fraction. Transmission electron microscopy reveals a good dispersion of the MWCNT up to a certain concentration. In the presence of MWCNT, a prominent negative shift of the glass transition temperature of the compound is found. Thermal degradation behavior, aging, and swelling experiments were also carried out to understand the resulting effect of the incorporation of MWCNT in the rubber matrix. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 3153–3160, 2013

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