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Keywords:

  • rubber;
  • clay;
  • composites;
  • ageing;
  • thermal properties

ABSTRACT

Bentonite-filled ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM/Bt) composites were prepared using two roll mill compounding method and the effect of Bt loading on the thermal aging, swelling resistance and crosslink density of EPDM/Bt composites were studied. The effect of in situ addition of different silane coupling agents (SCAs) on the above properties at optimum Bt loading of EPDM/Bt composite was also investigated. Thermal aging test results show that the tensile strength and tensile modulus at 100% elongation (M100) increase initially for 2 days aged composites and decrease slightly after 4 days of aging, meanwhile the elongation at break (Eb) decrease gradually with aging period as compared to the unaged composites. Upon aging, swelling resistance increase initially indicating increased crosslink density of EPDM/Bt composite due to post-curing and reduced after 4 days of aging due to crosslink destruction and EPDM chain scissioning. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 4419–4427, 2013