Effect of formulation and processing conditions on light shielding efficiency of thermotropic systems with fixed domains based on UV curing acrylate resins


Correspondence to: A. Weber (E-mail: andreas.weber@pccl.at)


Within this study relationships between material formulation and processing parameters and the morphology (vacuole formation) of thermotropic systems with fixed domains (TSFD) for overheating protection purposes were investigated. Main aim was on improving light shielding efficiency of TSFD based on UV curable acrylate resins by optimization of selected key parameters including photo-initiator type and content, type of reactive diluent, radiation intensity/dose, and thermal treatment of layers during manufacturing. Variations of type of reactive diluent and thermal treatment had a minor effect on overheating protection performance. Utilization of photo-bleaching photo-initiator of acylphospine oxide type instead of a blend of conventional Type I (α-hydroxy ketone type) and Type II (benzophenone) photo-initiators enabled reduction of radiation dose to achieve properly cured layers. The results revealed that a significant reduction of radiation intensity/dose prevented formation of vacuoles. Consequently, light shielding efficiency of TSFD was enhanced significantly. Nevertheless, obtained scattering domain size was inappropriate for optimum light shielding efficiency and requires further optimization strategies. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 3299–3310, 2013