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Keywords:

  • thermal properties;
  • differential scanning calorimetry (DSC);
  • mechanical properties

ABSTRACT

Polyethersulphone/polytetrafluoroethylene (PES/PTFE) nanocomposites and composites were prepared by precipitation of PES into a PTFE latex-containing nanoparticles. Different samples were obtained by varying the relative ratio between PES and PTFE. The complex crystallization process, discussed within the fractionated crystallization frame, allowed to identify and quantify different dispersion degree of the PTFE nanoparticles within the PES matrix. The different samples were thus divided into nanocomposite and composites. The effect of crystalline PTFE domains on the mobility of PES was investigated and discussed. The dynamic-mechanical behavior was explained in terms of the particle aggregation state. The mechanical properties of the PES/PTFE composites were found to depend on both the dispersion and the concentration of the PTFE nanoparticles. In the glassy state the stiffness of the materials was found to increase with the dispersion degree, resulting higher for the nanocomposite with respect to composites. On the contrary, in the rubbery state the modulus was found proportional to the PTFE nanoparticles concentration, resulting higher in the composites with respect to the nanocomposite. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 3624–3633, 2013