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Preparation and properties of novel hybrid resins based on acetylene-functional benzoxazine and polyvinylsilazane

Authors

  • Guangzhu Li,

    1. Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhenhua Luo,

    1. Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
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  • Weijian Han,

    1. Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
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  • Yongming Luo,

    1. Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
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  • Caihong Xu,

    1. Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
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  • Tong Zhao

    Corresponding author
    • Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
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Correspondence to: T. Zhao (E - mail: tzhao@iccas.ac.cn)

ABSTRACT

A serial of addition-curable hybrid resins for resin matrix of advanced composites are prepared by thermal prepolymerization between acetylene-functional benzoxazine(BZ) and polyvinylsilazane(PSN) with various weight ratios. Processing capability of BZ-PSN resin is investigated by measuring viscosity. Cure behavior is investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra. Thermal property of cured BZ-PSN resin is investigated by Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). BZ-PSN resin shows a low viscosity of 40–180 mPa·s between 60 and 90°C, and maintains the low viscosity for 6 h, indicating that the resin is suitable for resin transfer molding (RTM) process to fabricate composites. DSC results show that BZ-PSN resin can be cured completely at about 250°C without adding any other curing additives. FT-IR shows the reaction between BZ and PSN take place. TGA shows that thermal stability of cured BZ-PSN resin is increased with the content of polyvinylsilazane increasing both in nitrogen and in air. DMA shows cured hybrid resins have excellent thermal properties. The excellent processability and thermal properties suggest that BZ-PSN resin is a promising candidate for resin matrix of advanced composites. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 3794–3799, 2013

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