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Interpolyelectrolyte complexes of maleic acid copolymers and chitosan for stabilization and functionalization of magnetite nano- and microparticles



A facile method of preparation of stabilized and functionalized nano- and microparticles of magnetite by successive application of oppositely charged polymers with a regular structure of macromolecular chains (chitosan and maleic acid copolymers) onto Fe3O4 core are developed. This approach makes it possible to create two types of magnetite interpolyelectrolyte shells, containing carboxylic or amino groups in outer layer of shell. Composition and magnetic properties of composite particles depend on nature of the copolymer of maleic acid, reaction conditions and size of obtained particles. The carboxylic groups of copolymer in outer layer of interpolyelectrolyte shell were converted into reactive anhydride groups by heating. Thermal treatment also leads to covalent crosslinking of shell and improves stability of composites both in acidic and alkaline media. Horseradish peroxidase was successfully immobilized onto covalently crosslinked and activated microparticles of Fe3O4 in aqueous medium without of condensing agents. The proposed reproducible and low-cost technique does not use toxic reagents or solvents at all stages, including preparation of Fe3O4, formation, activation and crosslinking, of magnetite shell, modification of activated surface of composite particles. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 39663.

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