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Processing and properties of polypropylene-based composites containing inertized fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration

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Correspondence to: E. Bontempi (E-mail: elza.bontempi@ing.unibs.it)

ABSTRACT

This article reports for the first time the results about the use of inertized fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration as a filler for polypropylene (PP). An innovative process based on the stabilization with colloidal silica has been used for fly ash inertization. Polymer–filler composites containing different filler amounts up to 30 wt % have then been formulated and prepared by means of melt compounding process. Structural, morphological, mechanical, and thermal characterization of their properties has been performed and discussed in detail. Remarkable enhancements of tensile (+ 93%) and flexural (+ 107%) elastic moduli if compared to pristine PP, together with enhancements of flexural resistance (+ 36%) and deflection temperature under load (+ 50%), have been observed when adding filler 30 wt % in suitable processing conditions. Moreover the filler has been shown to interact with polymer crystalline structure and positively influence the thermal-oxidative stability. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 4157–4164, 2013

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