Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) has been detected widely in the natural water matrix and is persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic. To prevent the adverse effects of PFOS contamination on human health and the environment, effective removal techniques are needed. Adsorption is considered an effective technique for PFOS removal. In this study, five anion exchange resins and granular activated carbon (GAC) were examined to evaluate their performance for the removal of PFOS in both batch and column experiments. Experimental adsorption data for all of the adsorbents exhibited a high correlation with the Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.95 – 0.98). Most of the anion exchange resins demonstrated a higher adsorption capacity than the GAC. PFA300 had the highest adsorption capacity (455 mg/g). Continuous adsorption of PFOS was performed in column experiments using the same adsorbents that had been used in the batch experiments. The experimental breakthrough curves were set at C/C0 = 0.1. PFA300 showed the longest operation time before reaching the breakthrough point. The Yoon and Nelson model was used to predict the half-saturation time of the anion exchange resins. Moreover, the anion exchange resins exhibited high recovery of PFOS by an organic solvent. Continuous PFOS adsorption on a column can be achieved using anion exchange resins for water/wastewater treatment. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 39782.