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Keywords:

  • electrochemistry;
  • gels;
  • properties and characterization

ABSTRACT

Methylene blue (MB) redox mediator was introduced into polyvinyl alcohol/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVA/PVP) blend host to prepare a gel polymer electrolyte (PVA-PVP-H2SO4-MB) for a quasi-solid-state supercapacitor. The electrochemical properties of the supercapacitor with the prepared gel polymer electrolyte were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge–discharge, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and self-discharge measurements. With the addition of MB mediator, the ionic conductivity of gel polymer electrolyte increased by 56% up to 36.3 mS·cm−1, and the series resistance reduced, because of the more efficient ionic conduction and higher charge transfer rate, respectively. The electrode specific capacitance of the supercapacitor with PVA-PVP-H2SO4-MB electrolyte is 328 F·g−1, increasing by 164% compared to that of MB-undoped system at the same current density of 1 A·g−1. Meanwhile, the energy density of the supercapacitor increases from 3.2 to 10.3 Wh·kg−1. The quasi-solid-state supercapacitor showed excellent cyclability over 2000 charge/discharge cycles. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 39784.